Posted by: allianced | June 25, 2009

YOUTH IN TANZANIA

Specific Situation of Youth in Tanzania

  • The total population of Tanzania is 37 million. 33 % of the total population is Youth, and 68 percent of the active labour force is young people.
  • A youth in Tanzania is defined as a person between the ages of 15-35 years.
  • The core problem facing youth in Tanzania is Unemployment. This problem is characterized by lack of job opportunities in urban areas, and underutilization of the majority of the national labour force in the rural.
  • Youth from primacy, secondary and high learning institutions entering the labour force annually is about 700,000 but only 40,000 get employment into formal sector.
  • The incidence of unemployment among the youth is relatively high. The youth constitute 60 % of all people who are unemployed.
  • According to labour Force Survey 2001 unemployment rate for the whole country is 12.9 percent. Almost half of the unemployed live in urban areas. 46.5 percent of active people in Dar es Salaam is unemployed, unemployment for the other urban areas is 25.5 percent, and for rural areas is 8.4 percent.

 

  • Lack of youth friendly services

 

      Community leaders have a tendency to ignore youth issues, hence make unfriendly environmental which hinder youth development opportunities

      Rural youth grow up in a culture that does not typically support entrepreneurship. They often seek employment by migrating to nearby cities and town. When they could not find jobs in town they engaged in dangerous behaviors such as petty theft, armed robbery, drug abuse and unsafe sex, which cause other social problem like spread of HIV/AIDS among youth, family crises, mental disease, and deaths.

 

Posted by: allianced | June 25, 2009

YOUNG PEOPLE WE CARE-http://ypwc.org

Poverty has been the greatest shame and scandal of our era. At the UN Millennium Summit in 2000,189 world leaders promised to end poverty by 2015, which translates into committing themselves to the realization of eight Goals, that is the Millennium Development Goal (MDGs).The MDGs in a numerical order are to Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, Achieve universal primary education, Promote gender equality and empower women, Reduce child mortality, Improve maternal health, Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, Ensure environmental sustainability and Develop a global partnership for development

As we kick off the 21st century, more than one billion people around the world live in extreme poverty. Some 25 million people die from hunger each year, and a billion people lack access to clean drinking water. Nearly half of all Africans live on less than one dollar per day. The figures are numbing; however, a growing number of people including the youth of this generation believe that it is possible to eradicate poverty within the next few decades. Perhaps you might be interested in knowing some facts and figures about the about our world and the MDGs.

Do You Know that…

  • At the UN Millennium Summit in 2000,189 world leaders promised to end poverty by 2015?
  • At the UN Millennium Summit the 189 Head of Government signed the Millennium Declaration to ‘free men, women and children from the dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty’?
  • The eight Millennium Development Goals will make the world better-off if there are great commitments to its realization?
  • Despite the technology and the recourses the world has at it disposal 1.2 billion people are forced to survive on less than a dollar a day?
  • Everyday, 800 million people go to bed (hungry) on an empty stomach?
  • Everyday, 28,000 children die of poverty related diseases that can be cured with some few dollars or cents?
  • Youth, children and women are often the hardest hit by poverty?
  • Out of the 115 million children are not in school 56 per cent of them are girls with 94 per cent of them living in developing countries?
  • 133 million young people cannot read or write?
  • Out of the 155 developing countries only 37 of them have achieved the universal primary school completion target?
  • Education gives young people a stronger voice in society and creates opportunities that allow them to lift themselves out of poverty?
  • Education and cooperation are very important to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)?
  • Two-thirds of the world’s illiterate people are females?
  • The employment rate for women is 30 per cent lower than the rate for men?
  • Women only held 15 per cent of seats in national parliaments worldwide in 2003?  In Ghana for instance out of the over two hundred seats in our national parliament only 25 seats are occupied by women.
  • More than 11 million children die each year in the developing world from preventable illnesses?
  • Every year, 2 million children die as a result of a preventable disease?
  • In our world today 48 countries had mortality rates greater than 1 in 10 childbirths, compared to 1 in 143 in developed countries?
  • Among the childhood vaccine-preventable diseases, measles is the leading cause of child mortality, with over half a million deaths in 2000?
  • 70 per cent of deaths before the age of five are cause by diseases and malnutrition that would be preventable in developing countries?
  • More than 500,000 women die from complications of pregnancy and childbirth every year?
    99 per cent of maternal deaths from childbirth occur in developing world?
  • Teenage pregnancy is the leading cuase of death for girls between the ages of 15 and 19 in developing countries?
  • Achieving the Goal 5 of the MDGs will require that governments expand reproductive health care services to include a larger proportion of the rural folks?
  • 4.8 million people became newly infected with HIV in 2003; that’s 13,000 a day!?
    Malaria causes more than one million deaths each year?
  • There were two million deaths from tuberculosis in 2002?
  • Each day, seven thousand young people contract HIV/AIDS?
  • Every minute, six young people between the ages of 10 and 25 are infected with HIV/AIDS.?
  • 2 million children die every year from infections spread by dirty water or the lack of toilets?
  • 1.2 billion people lack access to safe drinking water and 2.4 billion people lack access to proper sanitation facilities?
  • The collapse of .sherries around the world threatens to increase hunger and poverty among poor coastal communities throughout the developing world?
  • Europe’s cows receive $2 a day in subsidies, more than the income of half the world’s population?
  • Developed countries pledged to give 0.7% of their national income in aid and even with this only 5 countries are living up to the commitment; the USA is giving less then 0.2%?
  • It is estimated that were developed countries to break down trade barriers, this could help lift 300 million people out of poverty by 2015?
  • The proportion of people living in extreme poverty has increased in Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and Central & Eastern Europe? In 54 countries, incomes are declining.
  • Only two countries, Thailand and Uganda, have been able to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS?
  • In spite of efforts to reduce child mortality, in Africa, one in every six children die before the age of five?
  • One-Third of MDGs depends on Water for instance some girls have no time to go to school because they will have to use the school hours to draw water for their families?
  • Young people have the ability to help achieve the MDGs by augmenting what our leaders are doing?
  • MDGs are the best chance we have to set things right, make the world a happy one and eradicate poverty?
  • 50 per cent of new cases of HIV occur among youth between the ages of 13 and 24?
  • Youth are less consulted on issues that affect them for instance in poverty reduction plans?
  • The UN Millennium Campaign initiated a 24 hour ‘STAND UP’ event to record the highest number of people that will ‘STAND UP’ against poverty and for the MDGs on 15th and 16th October 2006?
    On 15th and 16th October 2006, the 24hour ‘UN Millennium Campaign STAND UP’ event recorded about ….%
Posted by: allianced | June 24, 2009

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